What does footing and crossing footing mean in accounting?

By default, users of the financial statements assume the information that is provided, in terms of total, and summation, to be true, and therefore, they never personally add up all the relevant figures themselves. This is done mainly for the sake of clarity because these notes can be quite long, and if they were included in the main text they would cloud the data reported in the financial statement. Using footnotes allows the general flow of a document to remain appropriate by providing a way for the reader to access additional information if they feel it is necessary. It allows an easily accessible place for complex definitions or calculations to be explained should a reader desire additional information. Footnotes to the financial statements serve as a way for a company to provide additional explanations for various portions of their financial statements. Footnotes to the financial statements thus report the details and additional information that is left out of the main financial statements such as the balance sheet, income statement, and cash flow statement.

Let’s say you have a table that lists the sales for five items in the last week. To get the balance of an account, all amounts on the debit column are added. The account balance is https://accounting-services.net/how-to-calculate-depreciation-on-leased-equipment/ then computed by getting the difference between total debits and total credits. Footing means getting the sum of the amounts entered in the debit and credit columns of an account.


Meticulous posting is essential to ensuring that all financial transactions are accurately recorded, classified, and summarized, giving the facility accurate insight into its financial performance to make data-driven decisions. Spreadsheets lay out numbers in rows and columns, each of which can be totaled. Imagine a sheet showing monthly sales revenue for five products over the course of a year.

footing in accounting

The audit process is designed to ensure that there are no material misrepresentations in the financial statements. Therefore, there are a number of techniques that are used in this regard. Importantly, a company will state the accounting methodology used, if it has changed in any meaningful way from past practice, and whether any items should be interpreted in any way other than what is conventional.


Footing can also be described as the process of adding all the numbers in a single column. The numbers can be summed up using a calculator or on spreadsheet software, such as Excel. Accounting refers to the systematic way of recording financial and business transactions by analyzing, summarizing, and reporting in the required accounts. Accounting helps a company to maximize its profits and plan its future. Assume you have a table of numbers showing the sales of five items in the previous week. Audit teams will often receive financial schedules in excel or PDF, and its important that the audit team tests the totals on any of these financial schedules.

footing in accounting

Assume the following amounts were entered in the service equipment account during the period. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License; additional terms may apply.See Wiktionary Terms of Use for details. Footing the bill is a way of covering the costs or expenses of someone or something. Christine Aldridge is a financial planner who has been writing articles related to personal finance since 2011. She has bachelor’s degrees in political science from North Carolina State University and in accounting from University of Phoenix. Aldridge is completing her Certified Financial Planner designation via New York University.

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It is important for analysts and investors to read the footnotes to the financial statements included in a company’s interim and annual reports. Footnotes also explain in detail why any irregular or unusual activities such as a one-time expense has occurred and what its impact may be on future profitability. In accounting terms, the word foot means adding footing in accounting up a column of numbers. To cross foot means to verify, or cross verify, that the sum of the totals in several columns agrees to a grand total. Posting adjusts sub-ledger and general journal entries accordingly so their contents are posted in the general ledger. Depending on the needs of the facility’s financial manager, posting may occur daily or monthly.

  • Overall, long-term care financial accounting software provides facilities with a more efficient and accurate way to manage their finances, including the posting accounting process.
  • The totals, as shown below, are located below the newly drawn horizontal line, which indicates the totals have been calculated.
  • Let’s say the T-account listed below shows the inventory transactions for Macy’s (M).
  • Importantly, a company will state the accounting methodology used, if it has changed in any meaningful way from past practice, and whether any items should be interpreted in any way other than what is conventional.

In addition to the benefits of posting accounting, long-term care software offers many other advantages for facilities. For example, it can help with billing and accounts receivable management, payroll processing, and budgeting. Long-term care software can also improve the financial management of facilities operating on tight budgets and those facing regulatory pressures. Footnotes to the financial statements refer to additional information that helps explain how a company arrived at its financial statement figures. They also help to explain any irregularities or perceived inconsistencies in year to year account methodologies. It functions as a supplement, providing clarity to those who require it without having the information placed in the body of the statement.

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